Polar Express

A project for the construction of a transarctic submarine fiber-optic communication line from Murmansk to Vladivostok

The unique project of a transarctic submarine fiber-optic communication line (FOCL). The new system includes 6 pairs of optical fibers with a capacity of 52–104 Tbt/sec and total length of 12,650 km. The project will connect Murmansk to Vladivostok along the shortest route from Europe to Asia and create an alternative to satellite communication systems in northern latitudes, minimizing the level of delay in transmission of information. The project will help to meet the growing needs of online commerce, cloud technologies and big data by providing reliable, affordable connectivity and Internet access.

1
Project
objectives
цели проекта

Polar Express will enable the development of the port infrastructure along the North Sea Route and the creation digital infrastructure in the Arctic region.

The project is being rolled out in accordance with the President’s decree on the “Development strategy of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation and ensuring national security until the year 2035”.

2
Project
participants
участники проекта
3
Geography
Teriberka
2020y
Teriberka
Murmansk Oblast
Population (2020): 573
Teriberka is a rural locality (a selo) in Kolsky District of Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located on the Barents Sea coast, at the mouth of the river Teriberka.
Amderma
2022y
Amderma
Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Population (2017): 577
Amderma (lit. a walrus rookery in Nenets) is a rural locality (a settlement) in Zapolyarny District of Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located on the coast of Kara Sea, near the Vaygach Island.
Dikson
2025y
Dikson
Krasnoyarsk Krai
Population (2020): 529
Dikson is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. Dikson is the northernmost port in Russia, one of the world’s northernmost settlements and the northernmost settlement on the Asian continent.
Tiksi
2025y
Tiksi
Yakutia
Population (2021): 4 745
Tiksi (lit. a moorage place) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Bulunsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the shore of the Buor-Khaya Gulf of the Laptev Sea, southeast of the delta of the Lena River.
Pevek
2026y
Pevek
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Population (2021): 4 513
Pevek is an Arctic port town and the administrative center of Chaunsky District in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located on Chaunskaya Bay (part of the East Siberian Sea) on a peninsula on the eastern side of the bay facing the Routan Islands, above the Arctic Circle, about 640 kilometers (400 mi) northwest of Anadyr, the administrative center of the autonomous okrug.
Anadyr
2026y
Anadyr
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Population (2021): 15 240
Anadyr is the easternmost town in Russia and the administrative center of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug located at the mouth of the Anadyr River at the tip of a peninsula that protrudes into Anadyrsky Liman.
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy
2026y
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy
Kamchatka Krai
Population (2018): 181 216
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy is a city and the administrative, industrial, scientific, and cultural center of Kamchatka Krai, Russia.
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
2026y
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
Sakhalin Oblast
Population (2021): 200 235
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk is a city in Sakhalin island, and the administrative center of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia. It is located in the Far East part of Russia, situated north of Japan.
Vladivostok
2026y
Vladivostok
Primorsky Krai
Population (2021): 600 871
Vladivostok is the largest city and the administrative centre of Primorsky Krai and the largest Russian port on the Pacific Ocean. The city is located around the Golden Horn Bay on the Sea of Japan.
4
Characteristics
of the project
Характеристики проекта

The marine section of the ARCTIC FOCL is implemented using a specialized submarine cable. The cable has six pairs of optical fibers (OF) and a conductive element for powering underwater optical amplifiers.

Pairs of optical fibers will be distributed as follows:
  • two pairs of OF for direct communication on the main section of the FOCL “Murmansk-Vladivostok” with a length of 12650 km;
  • two pairs of OF for the organization of four independent branches to intermediate objects at the landing points: Amderma, Dixon, Tiksi, Pevek, Anadyr, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk;
  • two pairs of OF for the organization of a backbone reserve for the future development of the entire communication network.
  • 12 650.0
    Length
    (km)
  • 1.5m
    buried
    into the seabed
  • 150.0
    underwater optical amplifiers
    (repeaters)
  • Up to104.0
    Capacity
    (Tbt/sec)
  • 2 026.0
    project implementation
    period
5
Technical
vessels fleet
Технический флот

To implement the project, the Contractor engages a fleet of specialized technical vessels that perform marine surveys, necessary hydrographic and hydrological studies, and underwater technical work, including clearing the route and laying a fiber-optic communication line with sinking into the ground. Bringing lines to the shore, as well as overcoming other natural or infrastructural barriers are performed using the technology of horizontal directional drilling.

The technical fleet consists of:
  • 2 special purpose vessels (cable-lying vessels);
  • 2 support vessels;
  • 2 research vessels;
  • 1 multi-purpose vessel;
  • 1 tug;
  • 1 boat for diving operations.
6
Network
infrastructure

The submarine cable network infrastructure comprises a number of Cable Landing Stations (CLS), in which the equipment of the fiber optic cable structure is stored and operated. Each CLS includes:

1
Termination and management module
this module is allocated for installation of data transmission and terminating systems, terrestrial and submarine cable monitoring, management and control systems.
2
Main power feed module
this module is allocated for installation of high voltage power feed of the submarine cable system. This module provides the receipt, automatic stabilization and the required voltage conversion of the external power feed and includes rechargeable batteries enabling a guaranteed power supply of the CLS of no less than 6 hours.
3
4
Backup power feed modules
this module is allocated for installation of the diesel generator units providing backup power feeding for all CLS’s equipment in the case of external blackout. Each of these modules is equipped with two emergency fuel tanks of 1000 liters each, which can enable the autonomous operation of the CLS of no less than 10 days.
5
Spare and repair parts module
this module is allocated for spare and repairing parts storage.
7
Project
ecology
Экология проекта

Global climate change affects all inhabitants of the planet, regardless of where they live. The level of the world’s oceans is rising, making natural phenomena such as droughts, floods and hurricanes increasingly threatening. As a result, the economy suffers, which ultimately affects the quality of people’s life.

The implementation of the Polar Express project will bring to the Arctic region the opportunity to use the latest achievements in science and technology, including energy-saving technologies, and thereby reduce the negative consequences of the man-made environmental impact.

8
Project
potential

The development of backbone communication networks is a new trade route in the digital economy. Digitalization and changes in the global economic climate are becoming the foundation for change and the engine for digital development in Asia and the Russian Federation, along with Europe and North America.

9
Photo
gallery
10
News
Polar Express project was presented at the International Exhibition "Transport of Russia"
Morsviazsputnik
During the official bypass of the exhibition, the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation Mikhail Mishustin and the Minister of Transport of the Russian Federation Vitaly Savelyev paid special attention to Polar Express project and the progress of its implementation, which was presented by the head of the Federal Agency for Maritime and River Transport Zakhary Dzhioev.
First section of FOLC Polar Express was commissioned
Morsviazsputnik
In October 2022, the first section of Polar Express was commissioned from Teriberka, Murmansk Region, to Amderma, Nenets Autonomous Okrug, with a length of more than 1230 km. A large amount of research and preparatory work was carried out. Laying of a transarctic submarine fiber-optic communication line (FOLC) Murmansk — Vladivostok — Polar Express, in the Arctic conditions was carried out by specialized cable laying vessels of the principle contractor — JSC “Advanced Technologies Agency.” The technical readiness of the first section of the communication line.
Contact information

Main office

Moscow, Sushchevskiy Val str, 18. Business Center “Novosushchevskiy”, 18 floor

Telephone: +7 (495) 967–1850

E-mail: marsat@marsat.ru

Post Address: PO box 146, Sushchevskiy Val str 18, Moscow, Russia, 127018.